The essence of this method is that the fertilization takes place outside the female body, after which the embryos are transferred to the uterine cavity.
This Program of treatment is used in severe forms of infertility, when a woman does not have any oocytes, or when their quality is not satisfying. Also, it is used in women over 45 years.
This Program of treatment is used in patients with hysterectomy or with abnormalities in the uterus that may interfere the development and progression of pregnancy. Also in cases of extragenital diseases incompatible with pregnancy.
This method of fertilization means, that specially proceeded sperm of husband or donor will be transferred to the uterine cavity.
The above mentioned method is as close as possible to natural fertilization and provides minimal intervention in the female body.
IN VITRO fertilization by intracytoplasmic sperm injection- IVF - ICSI
In this case, each spermatozoid gets inserted to the oocyte separately.
It is used in cases of male factor infertility, when sperm count and activity are reduced. Also, in some cases, in women over 40 years this method is used as well.
In vitro fertilization with aspiration/extraction of spermatozoids from testicles - IVF -ICSI -TESA/TESE
This way of fertilization is way effective in case of azoospermia. With this method, spermatozoids are being injected to the oocytes after aspiration or biopsy of testicles.
PGD / PGS
PGD - ie Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and PGS – ie
Preimplantation genetic screening allows for embryos
Identify different types of chromosomal abnormalities in the uterus
Before moving them into the cavity. This method of diagnosis allows
To detect and pass into the cavity of the womb only genetically
Healthy embryos, which in turn, grow significantly
Probability of pregnancy and healthy offspring.
Sperm, Egg And Embryo Freezing-Cryopreservation
As sperm, embryos obtained from in vitro fertilization, which in the mentioned cycle do not enter the cavity of the uterus, are frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen placed in a special vessel at -196◦C too. They are used during cryo cycles.
This method involves the use of previously frozen embryos during previous cycles and their transfer to the uterine cavity. Based on extensive and numerous studies, it has been established that cryopreservation does not affect the health of the fetus and future generations in any way.
Cultivation of blastocysts
The essence of this method is to cultivate embryos in the incubator using special soils up to the blastocyst stage.
Sperm DNA fragmentation
It is now known that as E. Sec. “Infertility of an unidentified genesis”, also called The termination of an unidentified pregnancy gene is due to two reasons: embryonic factors and uterine endometrial readiness for embryo (embryo) implantation and subsequent pregnancy development.
Embryonic factors and abnormalities of normal development in 40% of cases are caused by abnormal processes in the DNA of spermatozoa, ie. Sec. With their fragmentation.
In the presence of karyotypically normal embryos, disruption of implantation or attachment to their uterus is largely due to various immunological abnormalities.